Can Snails Impregnate Themselves?

Snails are a common sight in gardens, crawling among plants. These animals are not only known for eating plants and the shell they carry. But we all are aware of how slow snails are. So, how is it that they manage to reproduce so quickly? Can snails impregnate themselves to save time?

Snails are hermaphrodites and can, therefore, impregnate themselves. 

The one reason snails have been able to bring reproduce so rapidly is their ability to impregnate themselves. Not all snails will find another to mate with and produce eggs.

Snails can be hermaphrodites without needing another to get pregnant. Upon getting pregnant, snails will lay hundreds of eggs inside the soil. 

Do Snails Lay Eggs

Can Snails Have Babies on their Own?

It can come as a surprise to people, but snails can have babies all independently. Evolution has allowed snails to produce babies by themselves. Snails are slow animals, and hence, they would take a lot of time searching for a mate to reproduce with. 

Therefore, if a snail does not meet a mate, it will take matters into its own hands. Snails are hermaphrodites, which means they have both male and female parts. 

Are Snails Quick at Reproduction?

Snails have a reputation for being slow animals. Hence, when it comes to processes like mating, people have the same assumption about them. 

The reproduction process is quite slow when the snail has to look for its mate. Snails will spend a long time just searching for a mate using their tentacles.

Even after the snail has found a mate, it will spend many hours biting and smelling before moving on to inserting a love dart and eventually copulation. 

While the reproduction process is slow and can take as long as 12 hours, snails lay a lot of eggs. In addition, both snails can get pregnant, given that they are hermaphrodites.

While snails are slow, they can still lay lots of eggs to make up for it. This also ensures that snails carry themselves forward and do not deplete. 

How Do Snails Mate with Themselves?

It can be unclear when you first find that snails can produce without a mate. Many people wonder how that is possible. It is important to know that snails are born with male and female parts.

Upon finding no partner to mate with, snails will mate with themselves. 

Due to the male and female reproductive cells, snails can self-fertilize. This is when no sexual activity will take place.

The process is fairly simple and is known as parthenogenesis. When the cells divide, the unfertilized female gamete will develop without sexual fertilization. Basically, the snail forms a clone of itself. 

How Do Snails Mate With Each Other?

If snails are not impregnating themselves, they are mating with each other. The process of two snails mating is an interesting one and begins with a search. 

When a snail knows it is time to mate, it will look for another snail. Snails have two tentacles which allow them to look for another snail through touch and smell. The olfactory system of a snail lets it recognize the chemicals in the air to help it find its mate. 

One of the purposes of leaving the mucus trail behind is to help snails look for their counterpart. Snails will follow the mucous trail until it finds the snail. Afterwards, the process can be done as quickly as 2 hours or take 12. 

The mating process commences with snails biting and touching each other with their tentacles. When the snails are well-acquainted with each other, they move to the next part. Snails will have a love dart which is a structure made from chitin.

The snail will shoot the love dart in the body of another to prevent sperm cells from dying. Many people confuse this as being the last step of courtship, but this happens before the actual step. 

The love dart pierces the body of the other snail. This step is important but is risky as it can kill the other snail or damage an important organ. After the injection of the love dart, the copulation process begins.

The snails begin the transfer of sperm from one to another. However, since snails are hermaphrodites, the sperm can be transferred both ways. 

In most copulation scenarios, both snails are at the receiving end and get pregnant. The snails grow eggs and will lay them in the soil, covering them with dirt. After snails have laid eggs, they can reproduce again, starting the process from the beginning. 

There are some factors that affect snail reproduction. For instance, there needs to be an optimal weather condition for snails to mate. Given the right weather, snails will reproduce frequently.

How Many Babies Do Snails Have?

Snails lay 80 to a hundred eggs after they get pregnant. Some eggs can get destroyed and eaten by predators. The rest which is left behind constitutes 20 to 50 eggs that hatch and babies come out. 

When the eggs hatch, the snails that come out will feed and act like adult snails. Those who come out first will consume the shell to fulfil their calcium intake. These snails will also eat the unhatched shells to get their calcium. 


One of the prevalent questions regarding snails is whether they can impregnate themselves. Snails are hermaphrodites, which means they have both male and female parts. These animals do not require a mate and can fertilize the eggs to produce babies. Essentially, snails will create a clone of themselves to continue their race. 

When two snails mate, they take a long time. The snail’s search for each other, insert love darts, and then the copulation process begins.

The entire process can take as long as 12 hours. Snails lay hundreds of eggs, from which around 50 survive and hatch. When the eggs hatch, the snails come out and feed on the eggshells to gain calcium.

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